Appraisal of Disaster Risk Preparedness in Nigeria..Social Sector Group
Disaster refers to an emergency caused by natural hazards or human-induced actions resulting in disruption of the functioning of a society. It usually causes widespread human, material, or environmental losses which exceed the ability of an affected community to cope with using only its own resources. There is an unprecedented increase in the frequency and intensity of natural and environmental disasters in recent decades all over the world. Available data indicates that between 1980 and 2000, over 1.5 million persons perished due to natural disasters. Between 2003 and 2012, about 1.5 million died from natural and technological disasters while about 2.17 million people were affected. In various parts of Africa, Nigeria inclusive, natural disasters have been on the increase. Available statistics indicate that, from an average of about 25 disaster events in 1975, there has been a steady increase, with a mean of 130 in 2000. Similarly, the mean number of disasters experienced on the continent between 2003 and 2012 is 164. In Nigeria, disasters such as floods, landslides, tidal waves, coastal erosion, sand-storms, dust-storms, locust/insect infestations, oil spillage and other man-made disasters have witnessed astronomical increase. Over the years, efforts geared towards reducing the incidences of disaster risks in Nigeria have primarily focused on the response of government, communities, and international organisations after disasters have occurred. This approach has ended in fiascos as it fails to arrest the trend of rising incidence of disasters in Nigeria.